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[patch] add ipfw functionality




I hacked in some ipfw functionality... if you have ifpw running, you can run this after the jails are all started:
  /usr/local/bin/ezjail-admin ipfw

The rule generation is fairly rudimentary... simple rules = easy to debug.  :)



Here are the new configuration lines for the end of /usr/local/etc/ezjail.conf

### enable ipfw rulesets for jail
ezjail_ipfw_enable="YES"
# bandwidth limit (requires dummynet as a kld or compiled into kernel)
# Examples:  10M   512K   1000000
ezjail_ipfw_bps="5M"
# ip responds to pings from the Intenet
ezjail_ipfw_canping="YES"
# open TCP ports
ezjail_ipfw_inbound_tcpports="80,443"
# open UDP ports
ezjail_ipfw_inbound_udpports="NONE"
# outbound destination ports...
# Examples:  "ANY"  "NONE"  "22,80"
ezjail_ipfw_outbound_tcpports="NONE"
# outbound destination udp ports
ezjail_ipfw_outbound_udpports="53"
# ips exempt from the rules (eg, your admin machine)
# Examples: "1.2.3.4"  or "1.2.3.4,1.2.3.5" or "1.2.3.0/24"
ezjail_ipfw_unrestricted_ips="10.10.9.8"


#!/bin/sh
# $Id: ezjail-admin,v 1.154 2007/04/26 21:35:45 erdgeist Exp $

# ugly: this variable is set during port install time
ezjail_prefix=/usr/local
ezjail_admin=`basename -- $0`
ezjail_etc=${ezjail_prefix}/etc
ezjail_share=${ezjail_prefix}/share/ezjail
ezjail_examples=${ezjail_prefix}/share/examples/ezjail
ezjail_jailcfgs=${ezjail_etc}/ezjail

# read user config
[ -f ${ezjail_etc}/ezjail.conf ] && . ${ezjail_etc}/ezjail.conf

# set defaults
ezjail_jaildir=${ezjail_jaildir:-"/usr/jails"}
ezjail_jailtemplate=${ezjail_jailtemplate:-"${ezjail_jaildir}/newjail"}
ezjail_jailbase=${ezjail_jailbase:-"${ezjail_jaildir}/basejail"}
ezjail_jailfull=${ezjail_jailfull:-"${ezjail_jaildir}/fulljail"}
ezjail_jailtemp=${ezjail_jailtemp:-"${ezjail_jaildir}/ezjailtemp"}
ezjail_flavours=${ezjail_flavours:-"${ezjail_jaildir}/flavours"}
ezjail_portscvsroot=${ezjail_portscvsroot:-":pserver:anoncvs AT anoncvs.at.FreeBSD DOT org:/home/ncvs"}
ezjail_sourcetree=${ezjail_sourcetree:-"/usr/src"}
ezjail_uglyperlhack=${ezjail_uglyperlhack:-"YES"}

ezjail_mount_enable=${ezjail_mount_enable:-"YES"}
ezjail_devfs_enable=${ezjail_devfs_enable:-"YES"}
ezjail_devfs_ruleset=${ezjail_devfs_ruleset:-"devfsrules_jail"}
ezjail_procfs_enable=${ezjail_procfs_enable:-"YES"}
ezjail_fdescfs_enable=${ezjail_fdescfs_enable:-"YES"}

ezjail_dirlist="bin boot lib libexec rescue sbin usr/bin usr/games usr/include usr/lib usr/libdata usr/libexec usr/sbin usr/src usr/share"
case `uname -p` in amd64) ezjail_dirlist="${ezjail_dirlist} usr/lib32";; esac

# Synopsis messages
ezjail_usage_ezjailadmin="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} [config|create|delete|install|list|update] {params}"
ezjail_usage_install="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} install [-mps] [-h host] [-r release]"
ezjail_usage_create="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} create [-xbi] [-f flavour] [-r jailroot] [-s size] [-c bde|eli] [-C args] jailname jailip"
ezjail_usage_delete="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} delete [-w] jailname"
ezjail_usage_update="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} update [-s sourcetree] [-i] [-pP]"
ezjail_usage_config="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} config [-r run|norun] [-n newname] [-i attach|detach|fsck] jailname"
ezjail_usage_list="Usage: ${ezjail_admin} list"

################################
# End of variable initialization
#

# define our bail out shortcut
exerr () { echo -e "$*" >&2 ; exit 1; }

# generic attach routine for image jails
attach_images () {
  # Create a memory disc from jail image
  ezjail_imagedevice=`mdconfig -a -t vnode -f ${ezjail_image}` || exerr "Error: Could not attach memory disc."

  # If this is a crypto jail, try to mount it, remind user, which jail
  # this is. In this case, the device to mount is 
  case ${ezjail_imagetype} in
  crypto|bde)
    echo "Attaching bde device for image jail ${ezjail}..."
    echo gbde attach /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} ${ezjail_attachparams} | /bin/sh
    [ $? -eq 0 ] || detach_images keep || exerr "Error: Attaching bde device failed."
    # Device to mount is not md anymore
    ezjail_device=${ezjail_imagedevice}.bde
    ;;
  eli)
    echo "Attaching eli device for image jail ${ezjail}..."
    echo geli attach  ${ezjail_attachparams} /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} | /bin/sh 
    [ $? -eq 0 ] || detach_images keep || exerr "Error: Attaching eli device failed."
    # Device to mount is not md anymore
    ezjail_device=${ezjail_imagedevice}.eli
    ;;
  simple)
    ezjail_device=${ezjail_imagedevice}
    ;;
  esac
}

# define detach strategy for image jails
detach_images () {
  # unmount and detach memory disc
  if [ -n "${ezjail_imagedevice}" ]; then
    umount ${ezjail_rootdir} > /dev/null 2> /dev/null
    case ${ezjail_imagetype} in
      bde) gbde detach /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} > /dev/null;;
      eli) geli detach /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} > /dev/null;;
    esac
    mdconfig -d -u ${ezjail_imagedevice} > /dev/null
    [ "$1" = "keep" ] || rm -f ${ezjail_image}
  fi
  # This function is being called in case of error. Keep $? bad
  return 1
}

# fetch everything we need to know about an ezjail from config
fetchjailinfo () {
  ezjail_name=$1

  # Clean variables, prevent polution
  unset ezjail_config ezjail_running ezjail_hostname ezjail_rootdir ezjail_image ezjail_imagetype ezjail_ip ezjail_id ezjail_attached ezjail_device

  ezjail_safename=`echo -n "${ezjail_name}" | tr -c '[:alnum:]' _`

  [ -e ${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_safename}       ] && ezjail_config=${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_safename}
  [ -e ${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_safename}.norun ] && ezjail_config=${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_safename}.norun
  [ "${ezjail_config}" ] || return 0

  . ${ezjail_config}
  eval ezjail_hostname=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_hostname\"
  eval ezjail_rootdir=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_rootdir\"
  eval ezjail_ip=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ip\"
  eval ezjail_image=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_image\"
  eval ezjail_imagetype=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_imagetype\"
  eval ezjail_attachparams=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_attachparams\"
  eval ezjail_attachblocking=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_attachblocking\"
  eval ezjail_forceblocking=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_forceblocking\"

  ezjail_softlink=${ezjail_jaildir}/`basename -- ${ezjail_rootdir}`

  if [ -n "${ezjail_image}" -a -L "${ezjail_rootdir}.device" ]; then
    # Fetch destination of soft link
    ezjail_device=`stat -f "%Y" ${ezjail_rootdir}.device`

    mount -p -v | grep -q -E "^${ezjail_rootdir}.device.${ezjail_rootdir}" && ezjail_attached="YES"
    mount -p -v | grep -q -E "^${ezjail_device}.${ezjail_rootdir}" && ezjail_attached="YES"

    # Stale device link detected. Remove and clean.
    [ -z "${ezjail_attached}" ] && unset ezjail_device && rm -f ${ezjail_rootdir}.device
  fi

  [ -f /var/run/jail_${ezjail_safename}.id ] && ezjail_id=`cat /var/run/jail_${ezjail_safename}.id` || return
  jls | grep -q -E "^ +${ezjail_id} " || unset ezjail_id
}

# fill the base jail - this function is used by install and update
ezjail_splitworld() {
  # Fill basejail from installed world
  cd ${ezjail_jailfull} || exerr "Cant access temporary Jail directory."

  # This mkdir is important, since cpio will create intermediate
  # directories with permission 0700 which is bad
  mkdir -p ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr
  for dir in ${ezjail_dirlist}; do
    find ${dir} | cpio -d -p -v ${ezjail_jailbase} || exerr "Installation of ${dir} failed."
    chflags -R noschg ${dir}; rm -r ${dir}; ln -s /basejail/${dir} ${dir}
  done
  mkdir basejail

  # Try to remove the old template jail
  [ -d ${ezjail_jailtemplate} ] && chflags -R noschg ${ezjail_jailtemplate} && rm -rf ${ezjail_jailtemplate}
  mv ${ezjail_jailfull} ${ezjail_jailtemplate}

  # If the default flavour example has not yet been copied, do it now
  [ -d ${ezjail_flavours}/default ] || mkdir -p ${ezjail_flavours} && cp -p -R ${ezjail_examples}/default ${ezjail_flavours}

  # no /usr/ports? link to /basejail/usr/ports
  [ -e ${ezjail_jailtemplate}/usr/ports ] || ln -s /basejail/usr/ports ${ezjail_jailtemplate}/usr/ports

  # A ports collection inside jails is hardly useful w/o an appropriate
  # /etc/make.conf.
  if [ -f ${ezjail_examples}/default/etc/make.conf -a ! -f ${ezjail_jailtemplate}/etc/make.conf ]; then
    cp -p ${ezjail_examples}/default/etc/make.conf ${ezjail_jailtemplate}/etc/
    echo "Note: a non-standard /etc/make.conf was copied to the template jail in order to get the ports collection running inside jails."
  fi

  # The ugly perl hack[tm]. Note: we wont do such things for any given
  # port :(
  [ "${ezjail_uglyperlhack}" = "YES" -a ! -L ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/bin/perl ] && ln -s /usr/local/bin/perl ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/bin/perl
}

# The user may want to have a ports tree in basejail
ezjail_updateports () {
  local _portsnap_fetch="fetch"
  # if /usr/ports/CVS exists, assume cvs up is safe
  # this is legacy
  if [ -f ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/ports/CVS/Root ]; then
    echo -n "Updating ports from "; cat ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/ports/CVS/Root
    echo "Warning: Upgrading legacy ports copy. Consider removing ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/ports and use the new portsnap strategy instead."
    echo "Gathering local information may take a while."
    cd ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/ports/ && cvs -d ${ezjail_portscvsroot} up -Pd
  else
    [ -z "$TERM" -o "$TERM" = dumb ] && _portsnap_fetch="cron"
    portsnap ${_portsnap_fetch}
    [ -d ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/ports ] && ezjail_portsnapaction=update
    portsnap -p ${ezjail_jailbase}/usr/ports ${ezjail_portsnapaction:-"extract"}
  fi
  [ $? = 0 ] || exerr "Updating ports failed."
}

# Try to fetch the list of releases the server provides
ezjail_queryftpserver () {
  unset _ret
  echo -n "Querying your ftp-server... "
  TIFS=${IFS}; IFS=
  for ezjail_path in pub/FreeBSD/releases pub/FreeBSD/snapshot pub/FreeBSD releases snapshots NO; do
    if [ ${ezjail_path} = "NO" ]; then
      echo "Warning: I am having problems querying the ftp server you specified (${ezjail_ftphost})."
      _ret=1; break
    fi
    ezjail_ftpresponse=`echo ls | ftp ${ezjail_ftphost}:${ezjail_path}/${ezjail_installarch}/ 2> /dev/null` 2> /dev/null
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
      echo -e "The ftp server you specified (${ezjail_ftphost}) seems to provide the following builds:\n${ezjail_ftpresponse}"
      _ret=0; break 2
    fi
  done
  IFS=${TIFS}
  ezjail_ftpserverqueried="YES"
  return ${_ret}
}

#############################
# End of function definitions
#

# check for command
[ $# -gt 0 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_ezjailadmin}

case "$1" in
######################## ezjail-admin CREATE ########################
create)
  # Clean variables, prevent polution
  unset ezjail_rootdir ezjail_flavour ezjail_softlink ezjail_image ezjail_imagetype ezjail_imageparams ezjail_imagesize ezjail_device ezjail_config ezjail_attachparams ezjail_exists ezjail_attachblocking ezjail_forceblocking ezjail_sourcedevice ezjail_rootdirempty
  shift; while getopts :f:r:s:xbic:C: arg; do case ${arg} in
    x) ezjail_exists="YES";;
    r) ezjail_rootdir="${OPTARG}";;
    f) ezjail_flavour="${OPTARG}";;
    c) ezjail_imagetype="${OPTARG}";;
    C) ezjail_imageparams="${OPTARG}";;
    b) ezjail_forceblocking="YES";;
    i) ezjail_imagetype=${ezjail_imagetype:-"simple"};;
    s) ezjail_imagesize="${OPTARG}";;
    ?) exerr ${ezjail_usage_create};;
  esac; done; shift $(( ${OPTIND} - 1 ))

  ezjail_name=$1; ezjail_ip=$2

  # we need at least a name and an ip for new jail
  [ "${ezjail_name}" -a "${ezjail_ip}" -a $# -eq 2 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_create}

  # check for sanity of settings concerning the image feature
  [ "${ezjail_imagetype}" -a -z "${ezjail_exists}" -a -z "${ezjail_imagesize}" ] && exerr "Image jails need an image size."

  # check for a sane image type
  case ${ezjail_imagetype} in ""|simple|bde|eli) ;; *) exerr ${ezjail_usage_create};; esac

  # check for a sane image size and split it up in blocks
  if [ "${ezjail_imagesize}" ]; then
    _val=`echo "${ezjail_imagesize}"|tr GMKBWX gmkbwx|sed -Ees:g:km:g -es:m:kk:g -es:k:"*2b":g -es:b:"*128w":g -es:w:"*4 ":g -e"s:(^|[^0-9])0x:\1\0X:g" -ey:x:"*":|bc`
    [ $? -eq 0 -a ${_val} -gt 0 ] || exerr "Error: The image size you specified is somehow incomprehensible (you specified ${ezjail_imagesize})."
    ezjail_imageblockcount=`echo ${_val} / 1048576 | bc`
    ezjail_imagerestbytes=`echo ${_val} % 1048576 | bc`
  fi

  # check, whether ezjail has been set up correctly. existence of
  # ezjail_jailbase is our indicator
  [ -d ${ezjail_jailbase} ] || exerr "Error: base jail does not exist. Please run '${ezjail_admin} install' or '${ezjail_admin} update' first."

  # relative paths don't make sense in rc.scripts
  [ "${ezjail_jaildir%%[!/]*}" ] || exerr "Error: Need an absolute path in ezjail_jaildir, it currently is set to: ${ezjail_jaildir}."

  # jail names must not irritate file systems, excluding dots from this list
  # was done intentionally to permit foo.com style directory names, however,
  # the jail name will be foo_com in most scripts

  ezjail_hostname=`echo -n ${ezjail_name} | tr '/~' '__'`
  ezjail_safename=`echo -n "${ezjail_name}" | tr -c '[:alnum:]' _`
  ezjail_rootdir=${ezjail_rootdir:-"${ezjail_jaildir}/${ezjail_hostname}"}
  ezjail_config=${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_safename}

  # This scenario really will only lead to real troubles in the 'fulljail'
  # case, but I should still explain this to the user and not claim that
  # "an ezjail would already exist"
  case ${ezjail_hostname} in basejail|newjail|fulljail|flavours|ezjailtemp) exerr "Error: ezjail needs the ${ezjail_hostname} directory for its own administrative purposes. Please rename the ezjail.";; esac

  # jail names may lead to identical configs, eg. foo.bar.com == foo-bar.com
  # so check, whether we might be running into problems
  [ -e ${ezjail_config} -o -e ${ezjail_config}.norun ] && exerr "Error: an ezjail config already exists at ${ezjail_config}. Please rename the ezjail."

  # if jail root specified on command line is not absolute, make it absolute
  # inside our jail directory
  [ "${ezjail_rootdir%%[!/]*}" ] || ezjail_rootdir=${ezjail_jaildir}/${ezjail_rootdir}

  # if a directory at the specified jail root already exists, refuse to
  # install. Empty root dirs are considered okay, sometimes they are
  # mount points to be filled by ezjail.
  [ -d ${ezjail_rootdir} ] && [ -z "`ls -I ${ezjail_rootdir} | grep -v '^tmp$'`" ] && ezjail_rootdirempty="YES"
  [ -e ${ezjail_rootdir} -a -z "${ezjail_rootdirempty}" -a -z "${ezjail_exists}" ] && exerr "Error: the specified jail root ${ezjail_rootdir} already exists."

  # if jail root specified on command line does not lie within our jail
  # directory, we need to create a softlink
  if [ "${ezjail_rootdir##${ezjail_jaildir}}" = "${ezjail_rootdir}" ]; then
    ezjail_softlink=${ezjail_jaildir}/`basename -- ${ezjail_rootdir}`
    [ -e ${ezjail_softlink} ] && exerr "Error: an ezjail already exists at ${ezjail_softlink}."
  fi

  # do some sanity checks on the selected flavour (if any)
  [ "${ezjail_flavour}" -a ! -d ${ezjail_flavours}/${ezjail_flavour} ] && exerr "Error: Flavour config directory ${ezjail_flavours}/${ezjail_flavour} not found."

  #
  # All sanity checks that may lead to errors are hopefully passed here
  #

  if [ -n "${ezjail_imagetype}" ]; then
    # Strip trailing slashes from jail root, those would confuse image path
    ezjail_image=${ezjail_rootdir%/}; while [ "${ezjail_image}" -a -z "${ezjail_image%%*/}" ]; do ezjail_image=${ezjail_image%/}; done
    [ -z "${ezjail_image}" ] && exerr "Error: Could not determine image file name, something is wrong with the jail root: ${ezjail_rootdir}."

    # Location of our image file
    ezjail_image="${ezjail_image}.img"

    # Prepare crypto jail so that an attacker cannot guess which blocks
    # have been written
    case ${ezjail_imagetype} in bde|eli) ezjail_sourcedevice=/dev/random;; simple) ezjail_sourcedevice=/dev/zero;; esac

    # If NOT exist, create image
    if [ -z "${ezjail_exists}" ]; then
      [ -e "${ezjail_image}" ] && exerr "Error: a file exists at the location ${ezjail_image}, preventing our own image file to be created."

      # Now create jail disc image
      touch "${ezjail_image}"
      if [ "${ezjail_imageblockcount}" -gt 0 ]; then
        dd if=${ezjail_sourcedevice} of="${ezjail_image}" bs=1m count=${ezjail_imageblockcount} || exerr "Error: Could not (or not fully) create the image file. You might want to check (and possibly remove) the file ${ezjail_image}. The image size provided was ${ezjail_imagesize}."
      fi
      if [ "${ezjail_imagerestbytes}" -gt 0  ]; then
        ( dd if=${ezjail_sourcedevice} bs=${ezjail_imagerestbytes} count=1 >> "${ezjail_image}" ) || exerr "Error: Could not (or not fully) create the image file. You might want to check (and possibly remove) the file ${ezjail_image}. The image size provided was ${ezjail_imagesize}."
      fi

      # Attach device
      ezjail_imagedevice=`mdconfig -a -t vnode -f ${ezjail_image}`
      [ $? = 0 ] || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not attach image device. (Command failed was 'mdconfig -a -t vnode -f ${ezjail_image}')"
      case "${ezjail_imagetype}" in
        bde|eli)
          # parse imageparams, generate attachparams
          ezjail_attachblocking="YES"
          if [ -n "${ezjail_imageparams}" ]; then
            ezjail_attachparams=`echo $0 _parse_g${ezjail_imagetype}_attach_args_ ${ezjail_imageparams} | /bin/sh`
            [ 5 -eq $? ] && exerr "processing of ezjail_imageparams failed"
            [ 3 -eq $? ] && unset ezjail_attachblocking
          fi
          case "${ezjail_imagetype}" in
            bde) init_cmd="gbde init /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} ${ezjail_imageparams}"
                 attach_cmd="gbde attach /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} ${ezjail_attachparams}";;
            eli) init_cmd="geli init ${ezjail_imageparams} /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice}"
                 attach_cmd="geli attach ${ezjail_attachparams} /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice}";;
          esac
          [ -n "${ezjail_attachblocking}" ] && echo "Initialising crypto device. Enter a new passphrase twice... "
          ( echo ${init_cmd} | /bin/sh ) || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not initialise crypto image."

          [ -n "${ezjail_attachblocking}" ] && echo "Attaching crypto device. Enter the passphrase... "
          ( echo ${attach_cmd} | /bin/sh ) || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not attach crypto image."
          ezjail_device=${ezjail_imagedevice}.${ezjail_imagetype}
          ;;
        simple)
          ezjail_device=${ezjail_imagedevice}
          ;;
      esac

      # Format memory image
      newfs -U /dev/${ezjail_device} || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not newfs /dev/${ezjail_device}."
      # Create mount point and mount
      mkdir -p ${ezjail_rootdir} || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not create jail root mount point ${ezjail_rootdir}."
      mount /dev/${ezjail_device} ${ezjail_rootdir} || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not mount /dev/${ezjail_device} to ${ezjail_root}."
    else
      [ -e ${ezjail_rootdir} -a ! -d ${ezjail_rootdir} ] && exerr "Error: Could not create mount point for your jail image. A file exists at its location. (For existing image jails, call this tool without the .img suffix when specifying jail root.)"
      [ -d ${ezjail_rootdir} ] || mkdir -p ${ezjail_rootdir}
    fi
  fi

  # now take a copy of our template jail
  if [ -z "${ezjail_exists}" ]; then
    mkdir -p ${ezjail_rootdir} && cd ${ezjail_jailtemplate} && find * | cpio -p -v ${ezjail_rootdir} > /dev/null
    [ $? = 0 ] || detach_images || exerr "Error: Could not copy template jail."
  fi

  # if a soft link is necessary, create it now
  [ "${ezjail_softlink}" ] && ln -s ${ezjail_rootdir} ${ezjail_softlink}

  # if the automount feature is not disabled, this fstab entry for new jail
  # will be obeyed
  echo -n > /etc/fstab.${ezjail_safename}
  [ -n "${ezjail_imagetype}" ] && \
  echo ${ezjail_rootdir}.device ${ezjail_rootdir} ufs rw 0 0 >> /etc/fstab.${ezjail_safename}
  echo ${ezjail_jailbase} ${ezjail_rootdir}/basejail nullfs ro 0 0 >> /etc/fstab.${ezjail_safename}

  # now, where everything seems to have gone right, create control file in
  # ezjails config dir
  mkdir -p ${ezjail_jailcfgs} || exerr "Error: can't create ezjails control directory (${ezjail_jailcfgs})."
  ( echo -e "# To specify the start up order of your ezjails, use these lines to\n# create a Jail dependency tree. See rcorder(8) for more details."
  echo -e "#\n# PROVIDE: standard_ezjail\n# REQUIRE: \n# BEFORE: \n#\n"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_hostname=\"${ezjail_hostname}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_ip=\"${ezjail_ip}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_rootdir=\"${ezjail_rootdir}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_exec=\"/bin/sh /etc/rc\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_mount_enable=\"${ezjail_mount_enable}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_devfs_enable=\"${ezjail_devfs_enable}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_devfs_ruleset=\"devfsrules_jail\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_procfs_enable=\"${ezjail_procfs_enable}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_fdescfs_enable=\"${ezjail_fdescfs_enable}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_image=\"${ezjail_image}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_imagetype=\"${ezjail_imagetype}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_attachparams=\"${ezjail_attachparams}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_attachblocking=\"${ezjail_attachblocking}\"
  echo export jail_${ezjail_safename}_forceblocking=\"${ezjail_forceblocking}\"
  ) > ${ezjail_config}

  # Final steps for flavour installation
  if [ -z "${ezjail_exists}" -a -n "${ezjail_flavour}" ]; then
    # install files and config to new jail
    cd ${ezjail_flavours}/${ezjail_flavour} && find * | cpio -p -u -v ${ezjail_rootdir} > /dev/null
    [ $? = 0 ] || echo "Warning: Could not fully install flavour."

    # if the packages are links and not files we have to copy them now
    find ${ezjail_rootdir}/pkg/ -type l -exec cp -r -f {} {}.ezjail \; -exec mv {}.ezjail {} \;

    # If a config is found, make it auto run on jails startup
    if [ -f ${ezjail_rootdir}/ezjail.flavour ]; then
      ln -s /ezjail.flavour ${ezjail_rootdir}/etc/rc.d/ezjail-config.sh
      chmod 0700 ${ezjail_rootdir}/ezjail.flavour
      echo "Note: Shell scripts installed, flavourizing on jails first startup."
    fi
  fi

  # Detach (crypto and) memory discs
  detach_images keep

  #
  # For user convenience some scenarios commonly causing headaches are checked
  #

  # check, whether IP is configured on a local interface, warn if it isnt
  ping -c 1 -m 1 -t 1 -q ${ezjail_ip} > /dev/null
  [ $? = 0 ] || echo "Warning: IP ${ezjail_ip} not configured on a local interface."

  # check, whether some host system services do listen on the Jails IP
  TIFS=${IFS}; IFS=_
  ezjail_listener=`sockstat -4 -l | grep "${ezjail_ip}:[[:digit:]]"`
  [ $? = 0 ] && echo -e "Warning: Some services already seem to be listening on IP ${ezjail_ip}\n  This may cause some confusion, here they are:\n${ezjail_listener}"

  ezjail_listener=`sockstat -4 -l | grep "*:[[:digit:]]"`
  [ $? = 0 ] && echo -e "Warning: Some services already seem to be listening on all IP, (including ${ezjail_ip})\n  This may cause some confusion, here they are:\n${ezjail_listener}"
  IFS=${TIFS}

  [ -n "${ezjail_imagetype}" ] && echo "Note: To administrate your image jail, attach it using the '${ezjail_admin} config -i attach ${ezjail_hostname}' command."
  ;;
######################## ezjail-admin DELETE ########################
delete)
  # Clean variables, prevent polution
  unset ezjail_wipeme

  shift; while getopts :w arg; do case ${arg} in
    w) ezjail_wipeme="YES";;
    ?) exerr ${ezjail_usage_delete};;
  esac; done; shift $(( $OPTIND - 1 ))

  # we need name of jail to vanish
  [ $# -eq 1 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_delete}

  # Get all info we have on that jail
  fetchjailinfo $1

  # check for existence of jail in our records
  [ -n "${ezjail_config}" ] || exerr "Error: Nothing known about jail ${ezjail_name}."

  # if jail is still running, refuse to go any further
  [ -n "${ezjail_id}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail appears to be still running, stop it first."

  # if jail is attached, refuse to go any further
  [ -n "${ezjail_attached}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail image file ${ezjail_image} is attached as ${ezjail_device}. '${ezjail_admin} config -i detach' it first."

  # now we know everything we need to let the jail be gone. remove entry
  # from ezjail resource structure, delete fstab.JAILNAME
  rm -f ${ezjail_config} /etc/fstab.${ezjail_safename}

  # if there is a soft link pointing to the jail root, remove it
  [ -L ${ezjail_softlink} ] && rm ${ezjail_softlink}

  # if wiping the jail was requested, remove it
  if [ "${ezjail_wipeme}" ]; then
    [ "${ezjail_image}" ] && rm -f ${ezjail_image} ${ezjail_image%.img}.device
    rm -rf ${ezjail_rootdir}
  fi

  ;;
######################## ezjail-admin LIST ########################
list)
  [ $# -eq 1 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_list}
  unset ezjail_list

  [ -d ${ezjail_prefix}/etc/ezjail/ ] && cd ${ezjail_prefix}/etc/ezjail/ && ezjail_list=`ls | xargs rcorder`

  printf "%-3s %-5s %-15s %-28s %s\\n" STA JID IP Hostname "Root Directory"
  echo   "--- ----- --------------- ---------------------------- -------------------------"
  for ezjail in ${ezjail_list}; do
    fetchjailinfo ${ezjail%.norun}
    case ${ezjail_imagetype} in simple) ezjail_state="I";; bde) ezjail_state="B";; eli) ezjail_state="E";; *) ezjail_state="D";; esac
    if [ "${ezjail_id}" ]; then
      ezjail_state=${ezjail_state}R
    else
      [ -n "${ezjail_attached}" ] && ezjail_state=${ezjail_state}A || ezjail_state=${ezjail_state}S
    fi
    [ "${ezjail_safename}" != "${ezjail}" ] && ezjail_state=${ezjail_state}N

    printf "%-3s %-5s %-15s %-28s %s\\n" "${ezjail_state}" "${ezjail_id:-N/A}" "${ezjail_ip}" "${ezjail_hostname}" "${ezjail_rootdir}"
  done

  ;;
######################## ezjail-admin UPDATE ########################
setup|update)
  # Clean variables, prevent polution
  unset ezjail_provideports
  ezjail_installaction="world"

  shift; while getopts :ipPs: arg; do case ${arg} in
    i) ezjail_installaction="installworld";;
    s) ezjail_sourcetree="${OPTARG}";;
    p) ezjail_provideports="YES";;
    P) ezjail_provideports="YES"; ezjail_installaction="none";;
    ?) exerr ${ezjail_usage_update};;
  esac; done; shift $(( ${OPTIND} - 1 ))

  [ $# -eq 0 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_update}

  if [ "${ezjail_installaction}" = "none" ]; then
    # check, whether ezjail has been setup correctly. existence of
    # ezjail_jailbase is our indicator
    [ -d ${ezjail_jailbase} ] || exerr "Error: base jail does not exist. You cannot fill base jails ports tree before creating it. Please run '${ezjail_admin} update' or '${ezjail_admin} install' first."
  else
    # Bump the user for some of the most common errors
    [ -d ${ezjail_sourcetree} ] || exerr "Cannot find your copy of the FreeBSD source tree in ${ezjail_sourcetree}."
    [ -e ${ezjail_sourcetree}/Makefile ] || exerr "Your source tree in ${ezjail_sourcetree} seems to be incomplete (Makefile missing)."
    [ "`sysctl -n kern.securelevel`" -gt 0 ] && exerr "You're running in a secure level higher than 0. ezjail will not run correctly."

    # Normally fulljail should be renamed by past ezjail-admin commands.
    # However those may have failed
    [ -d "${ezjail_jailfull}" ] && chflags -R noschg ${ezjail_jailfull} && rm -rf ${ezjail_jailfull}
    mkdir -p ${ezjail_jailfull} || exerr "Cannot create temporary Jail directory."

    # make and setup our world, then split basejail and newjail
    cd ${ezjail_sourcetree} && env DESTDIR=${ezjail_jailfull} make ${ezjail_installaction} || exerr "make ${ezjail_installaction} failed."
    cd ${ezjail_sourcetree}/etc && env DESTDIR=${ezjail_jailfull} make distribution || exerr "make distribution failed."
    ezjail_splitworld

  fi # installaction="none"

  # Provide a copy of ports tree in basejail
  [ "${ezjail_provideports}" = "YES" ] && ezjail_updateports

  ;;
######################## ezjail-admin INSTALL ########################
install)
  # Clean variables, prevent polution
  unset ezjail_release ezjail_installmanpages ezjail_installports ezjail_installsources ezjail_dir ezjail_reldir ezjail_ftpserverqueried

  shift; while getopts :mpsh:r: arg; do case ${arg} in
    m) ezjail_installmanpages=" manpages";;
    s) ezjail_installsources=" src";;
    p) ezjail_installports="YES";;
    h) ezjail_ftphost="${OPTARG}";;
    r) ezjail_release="${OPTARG}";;
    ?) exerr ${ezjail_usage_install};;
  esac; done; shift $(( ${OPTIND} - 1 ))

  [ $# -eq 0 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_install}

  ezjail_installarch=`uname -p`
  ezjail_ftphost=${ezjail_ftphost:-"ftp.freebsd.org"}
  ezjail_ftphost=${ezjail_ftphost#ftp://}
  ezjail_dir=${ezjail_ftphost#file://}
  [ "${ezjail_dir%%[!/]*}" ] || ezjail_reldir=${PWD}

  [ "`sysctl -n kern.securelevel`" -gt 0 ] && exerr "You're running in a secure level higher than 0. ezjail will not run correctly."

  # ftp servers normally wont provide non-RELEASE-builds
  if [ -z "${ezjail_release}" -a "${ezjail_dir}" = "${ezjail_ftphost}" ]; then
    ezjail_release=`uname -r`
    case ${ezjail_release} in *-STABLE) ezjail_release="${ezjail_release%-STABLE}-RELEASE";; esac
    if [ "${ezjail_release%-RELEASE}" = "${ezjail_release}" ]; then
      echo "Your system is ${ezjail_release}. Normally FTP-servers don't provide non-RELEASE-builds."
      ezjail_queryftpserver || echo "... I'll continue anyway."
      echo -n "Release [ ${ezjail_release} ]: "
      read ezjail_releasetmp
      [ "${ezjail_releasetmp}" ] && ezjail_release=${ezjail_releasetmp}
    fi
  fi

  # Normally fulljail should be renamed by past ezjail-admin commands.
  # However those may have failed
  [ -d "${ezjail_jailfull}" ] && chflags -R noschg ${ezjail_jailfull} && rm -rf ${ezjail_jailfull}
  mkdir -p ${ezjail_jailfull} || exerr "Cannot create temporary Jail directory."
  DESTDIR=${ezjail_jailfull}

  rm -rf ${ezjail_jailtemp}
  for pkg in base ${ezjail_installmanpages} ${ezjail_installsources}; do

    # The first case means, that a remote host has been specified.
    if [ "${ezjail_dir}" = "${ezjail_ftphost}" ]; then
      # Create and try to access temp dir
      mkdir -p ${ezjail_jailtemp} || exerr "Could not create temporary base jail directory ${ezjail_jailtemp}."
      cd ${ezjail_jailtemp} || exerr "Could not cd to ${ezjail_jailtemp}."

      # Try all paths as stolen from sysinstall, break on success.
      for ezjail_path in pub/FreeBSD/releases pub/FreeBSD/snapshot pub/FreeBSD releases snapshots NO; do
        if [ "${ezjail_path}" = "NO" ]; then
          echo -e "\nCould not fetch ${pkg} from ${ezjail_ftphost}.\nMaybe your release (${ezjail_release}) is specified incorrectly or the host ${ezjail_ftphost} does not provide that release build.\nUse the -r option to specify an existing release or the -h option to specify an alternative ftp server." >&2
          [ -z "${ezjail_ftpserverqueried}" ] && ezjail_queryftpserver
          exit 1
        fi
        ftp "${ezjail_ftphost}:${ezjail_path}/${ezjail_installarch}/${ezjail_release}/${pkg}/*" && break
      done

      # These actions are really ugly: sources want $1 to contain the set
      # of sources to install, base asks the user if he is sure, hence the
      # yes and the set -- all
      [ "${pkg}" = "base" ] && echo "Ignore the next question, ezjail answers it for you."
      set -- all
      [ -f install.sh ] && yes | . install.sh
      [ $? = 0 ] || exerr "Package install script for ${pkg} failed."

      rm -rf ${ezjail_jailtemp}
    else
      cd ${ezjail_reldir}/${ezjail_dir}/${pkg} || exerr "Could not cd to ${ezjail_dir}."
      set -- all
      [ -f install.sh ] && yes | . install.sh
      [ $? = 0 ] || exerr "Package install script for ${pkg} failed."
    fi
  done

  # Split basejail and newjail
  ezjail_splitworld

  # Fill ports, if requested
  [ "${ezjail_installports}" = "YES" ] && ezjail_updateports

  ;;
######################## ezjail-admin CONFIG ########################
config)
  # Clean variables, prevent polution
  unset ezjail_setrunnable ezjail_imageaction

  shift; while getopts :r:i:n: arg; do case ${arg} in
    i) ezjail_imageaction=${OPTARG};;
    r) ezjail_setrunnable=${OPTARG};;
    n) ezjail_new_name=${OPTARG};;
    ?) exerr ${ezjail_usage_config};;
  esac; done; shift $(( ${OPTIND} - 1 ))

  [ $# -eq 1 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_config}

  # Jail name mandatory
  fetchjailinfo $1

  # check for existence of jail in our records
  [ -n "${ezjail_config}" ] || exerr "Error: Nothing known about jail ${ezjail_name}."

  # Nothing to be configured?
  [ -z "${ezjail_setrunnable}" -a -z "${ezjail_new_name}" -a -z "${ezjail_imageaction}" ] && echo "Warning: No config option specified."

  # Do we want a new name for our jail?
  if [ -n "${ezjail_new_name}" ]; then
    # if jail is still running, refuse to go any further
    [ -n "${ezjail_id}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail appears to be still running, stop it first."

    # Cannot rename an attached jail
    [ -n "${ezjail_attached}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail image file ${ezjail_image} is attached as ${ezjail_device}. '${ezjail_admin} config -i detach' it first."

    # The new values for the jail
    ezjail_new_hostname=`echo -n ${ezjail_new_name} | tr '/~' '__'`
    ezjail_new_safename=`echo -n "${ezjail_new_name}" | tr -c '[:alnum:]' _`
    ezjail_new_rootdir=`dirname -- ${ezjail_rootdir}`/${ezjail_new_hostname}
    ezjail_new_config=${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_new_safename}
    [ "${ezjail_config}" = "${ezjail_config%.norun}" ] || ezjail_new_config=${ezjail_jailcfgs}/${ezjail_new_safename}.norun
    ezjail_new_softlink=${ezjail_jaildir}/`basename -- ${ezjail_new_rootdir}`

    # those are just copied
    eval ezjail_new_ip=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ip\"
    eval ezjail_new_exec=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_exec\"
    eval ezjail_new_mount_enable=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_mount_enable\"
    eval ezjail_new_devfs_enable=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_devfs_enable\"
    eval ezjail_new_devfs_ruleset=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_devfs_ruleset\"
    eval ezjail_new_procfs_enable=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_devfs_enable\"
    eval ezjail_new_fdescfs_enable=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_fdescfs_enable\"
    eval ezjail_new_attachparams=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_attachparams\"
    eval ezjail_new_attachblocking=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_attachblocking\"
    eval ezjail_new_forceblocking=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_forceblocking\"
    eval ezjail_new_imagetype=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_imagetype\"

    # This scenario really will only lead to real troubles in the 'fulljail'
    # case, but I should still explain this to the user and not claim that
    # "an ezjail would already exist"
    case ${ezjail_new_hostname} in basejail|newjail|fulljail|flavours|ezjailtemp) exerr "Error: ezjail needs the ${ezjail_new_hostname} directory for its own administrative purposes. Please rename the ezjail.";; esac
  
    # jail names may lead to identical configs, eg. foo.bar.com == foo-bar.com
    # so check, whether we might be running into problems
    [ -e ${ezjail_new_config} -o -e ${ezjail_new_config}.norun ] && exerr "Error: an ezjail config already exists at ${ezjail_new_config}. Please rename the ezjail."

    # since we just used the old rootdir prefix and added the new hostname,
    # we might end up at an existing directory
    [ -e ${ezjail_new_rootdir} ] && exerr "Error: An object already exists at ${ezjail_new_rootdir}, cant rename."

    # prevent trouble with creating our softlink
    [ -L ${ezjail_softlink} -a -e ${ezjail_new_softlink} ] && exerr "Error: An object already exists at ${ezjail_new_softlink}, cant create softlink there."

    # need to rename the image?
    if [ -n "${ezjail_image}" ]; then
      # Do we have an auto generated image name?
      if [ "${ezjail_rootdir}.img" = "${ezjail_image}" ]; then
        ezjail_new_image=${ezjail_new_rootdir}.img
        [ -e ${ezjail_new_image} ] && exerr "Error: An object already exists at ${ezjail_new_image}, cant rename image."
        mv ${ezjail_image} ${ezjail_new_image}
      else
        ezjail_new_image=${ezjail_image}
        echo "Warning: Image file for jail ${ezjail_name} remains ${ezjail_image}, as it was not auto generated"
      fi
    else
      unset ezjail_new_image
    fi

    # adjust softlink
    if [ -L "${ezjail_softlink}" ]; then
      rm ${ezjail_softlink}
      ln -s ${ezjail_new_rootdir} ${ezjail_new_softlink}
    fi

    # rename rootdir
    mv ${ezjail_rootdir} ${ezjail_new_rootdir}

    # rename fstab
    echo -n > /etc/fstab.${ezjail_new_safename}
    [ -n "${ezjail_new_imagetype}" ] && \
    echo ${ezjail_new_rootdir}.device ${ezjail_new_rootdir} ufs rw 0 0 >> /etc/fstab.${ezjail_new_safename}
    echo ${ezjail_jailbase} ${ezjail_new_rootdir}/basejail nullfs ro 0 0 >> /etc/fstab.${ezjail_new_safename}
    rm /etc/fstab.${ezjail_safename}

    # rename config file, preserve comments
    (
    grep -e ^\# ${ezjail_config}
    echo
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_hostname=\"${ezjail_new_hostname}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_ip=\"${ezjail_new_ip}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_rootdir=\"${ezjail_new_rootdir}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_exec=\"${ezjail_new_exec}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_mount_enable=\"${ezjail_new_mount_enable}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_devfs_enable=\"${ezjail_new_devfs_enable}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_devfs_ruleset=\"${ezjail_new_devfs_ruleset}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_procfs_enable=\"${ezjail_new_procfs_enable}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_fdescfs_enable=\"${ezjail_new_fdescfs_enable}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_image=\"${ezjail_new_image}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_imagetype=\"${ezjail_new_imagetype}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_attachparams=\"${ezjail_new_attachparams}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_attachblocking=\"${ezjail_new_attachblocking}\"
    echo export jail_${ezjail_new_safename}_forceblocking=\"${ezjail_new_forceblocking}\"
    ) > ${ezjail_new_config}

    # remove old config
    rm ${ezjail_config}

    # usually that doesnt go smoothly, but the user wanted it
    # that way ;)
    echo "Jail has been renamed. You might want to check ${ezjail_new_config} and /etc/fstab.${ezjail_new_safename} to ensure everything has gone smoothly."
    echo "Also check settings in your Jail's /etc/ directory (especially /etc/rc.conf)."

    # reread config
    fetchjailinfo ${ezjail_new_safename}
  fi

  case ${ezjail_setrunnable} in
    run)   [ "${ezjail_config}" = "${ezjail_config%.norun}" ] || mv ${ezjail_config} ${ezjail_config%.norun};;
    norun) [ "${ezjail_config}" = "${ezjail_config%.norun}" ] && mv ${ezjail_config} ${ezjail_config}.norun ;;
  esac

  [ -n "${ezjail_imageaction}" -a -z "${ezjail_image}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail ${ezjail_name} not an image jail."

  case "${ezjail_imageaction}" in
    attach)
      # Check, if image already attached
      [ -n "${ezjail_attached}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail image file ${ezjail_image} already attached as ${ezjail_device}."
      rm -f ${ezjail_rootdir}.device

      # Attach images by type
      attach_images

      # Clean image
      fsck -t ufs -p -B /dev/${ezjail_device}

      mount /dev/${ezjail_device} ${ezjail_rootdir} || detach_images keep || exerr "Error: Could not mount /dev/${ezjail_device} to ${ezjail_rootdir}."
      # relink image device
      ln -s /dev/${ezjail_device} ${ezjail_rootdir}.device

      ;;
    detach)
      # Check, if image really attached or running
      [ -n "${ezjail_id}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail ${ezjail_name} still running. Can not detach."
      [ -n "${ezjail_attached}" ] || exerr "Error: Jail image file ${ezjail_name} is not attached."
      ezjail_device=${ezjail_device#/dev/}

      # Add this device to the list of devices to be unmounted
      case ${ezjail_imagetype} in
        crypto|bde) ezjail_imagedevice="${ezjail_device%.bde}" ;;
        eli)        ezjail_imagedevice="${ezjail_device%.eli}" ;;
        *)          ezjail_imagedevice="${ezjail_device}" ;;
      esac

      # Unmount/detach everything
      detach_images keep

      # Remove soft link (which acts as a lock)
      [ -e /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} ] || rm -f ${ezjail_rootdir}.device
      ;;
    fsck)
      # Check, if image already attached
      [ -n "${ezjail_attached}" ] && exerr "Error: Jail image file ${ezjail_image} already attached as ${ezjail_device}."
      rm -f ${ezjail_rootdir}.device

      # Attach images by type
      attach_images

      # Clean image
      fsck -t ufs /dev/${ezjail_device}

      # Detach images by type
      detach_images keep

      # Remove soft link (which acts as a lock)
      [ -e /dev/${ezjail_imagedevice} ] || rm -f ${ezjail_rootdir}.device
      ;;
    esac
  ;;

##############################################################################
# ezjail_imageparams HACK starts here
#
#  
_parse_geli_attach_args_)
  # create geli(8) attach arguments from geli(8) init arguments:
  #    -P becomes -p if present, -K newkeyfile becomes -k newkeyfile if present, 
  #    everything else is dicarded
  #  exit values: 2->NO_ERROR, 3->NO_ERROR,PASSWORD_SET, 5->PARSER_ERROR
  _exit=2
  shift; while getopts :bPva:i:K:l:s: arg; do case ${arg} in
      b|v|a|i|l|s);; # ignore these
      P) echo -n "-p "; _exit=3 ;;
      K) echo -n "-k '$OPTARG' ";;
      ?) exit 5;;
  esac; done
  exit ${_exit}
  ;;
_parse_gbde_attach_args_)
  # create gbde(8) attach arguments from gbde(8) init arguments:
  #   -L lockfile becomes -l lockfile if present
  #   -K keyfile becomes -k keyfile if present
  #   -P passphrase becomes -p passphrase if present
  #   everything else is discarded
  #  exit values: 2->NO_ERROR, 3->NO_ERROR+PASSWORD_SET, 5->PARSER_ERROR  
  _exit=2
  shift; while getopts :iK:f:L:P: arg; do case ${arg} in
      i|f);; # ignore these
      P) echo -n "-p '$OPTARG' "; _exit=3;;
      K) echo -n "-k '$OPTARG' ";;
      L) echo -n "-l '$OPTARG' ";;
      ?) exit 5;;
  esac; done
  exit ${_exit}
  ;;
#
# ezjail_imageparams HACK ends here (thank god)
##############################################################################

######################## ezjail-admin IPFW  ########################
### Example lines for your jail's config files.
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_enable="YES"
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_bps="5M"
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_inbound_tcpports="80,443"
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_inbound_udpports=""
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_outbound_tcpports=""
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_outbound_udpports="53"
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_canping="NO"
#export jail_example_monkeybrains_net_ipfw_unrestricted_ips=""
### IPFW functionality added in 2008 by Rudy of MonkeyBrains.net!

ipfw)

  if ! sysctl net.inet.ip.fw.enable 2> /dev/null > /dev/null; then
    echo " ERROR... ifpw no loaded into kernel.  read: man ipfw"
    exit;
  fi

  [ $# -eq 1 ] || exerr ${ezjail_usage_list}
  unset ezjail_list

  [ -d ${ezjail_prefix}/etc/ezjail/ ] && cd ${ezjail_prefix}/etc/ezjail/ && ezjail_list=`ls | xargs rcorder`

  # Couple of routines...
  get_last_ipfw_rulenum () {
    ipfwrulenum=`ipfw show | grep -v ^65535 | tail -1 | awk '{print $1}'`
  }
  get_last_pipenum () {
    pipenum=`ipfw show | grep pipe | awk '{print $5}' | sort -n | tail -1`
    pipenum=${pipenum:-'0'};
  }
  increment_base_rulenum () {
    base_rulenum=`expr $base_rulenum + 1`;
  }
  increment_skipto_rulenum () {
    modulo=`expr $skipto_rulenum % 1000`
    skipto_rulenum=`expr $skipto_rulenum + 1000 - $modulo`;
  }
  small_increment_skipto_rulenum () {
    skipto_rulenum=`expr $skipto_rulenum + 10`;
  }

  # set up some variables
  ipfw=${ipfw:="/sbin/ipfw -q"}
  get_last_ipfw_rulenum
  get_last_pipenum
  modulo=`expr $ipfwrulenum  % 1000`
  base_rulenum=`expr $ipfwrulenum + 1000 - $modulo`;
  skipto_rulenum=$base_rulenum;

  # broken in FreeBSD 7.0  ...
  ipfw_supports_jail="NO"

  ### # DEBUG change ipfw to be the 'echo' command...
  #  ipfw="  echo $ipfw"

  # iterate through jail list
  for ezjail in ${ezjail_list}; do
    fetchjailinfo ${ezjail%.norun}
    ### grab the ipfw parameters
    eval ezjail_ipfw_enable=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_enable\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_bps=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_bps\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_inbound_tcpports=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_inbound_tcpports\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_inbound_udpports=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_inbound_udpports\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_outbound_tcpports=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_outbound_tcpports\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_outbound_udpports=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_outbound_udpports\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_canping=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_canping\"
    eval ezjail_ipfw_unrestricted_ips=\"\$jail_${ezjail_safename}_ipfw_unrestricted_ips\"
    get_last_ipfw_rulenum

    ### if [ ! -z $a ] && [ "$a" -gt 0 ]
    ### ${a:='3'} 
    # see if jail is running and has an ID
    if [ ${ezjail_id:-'0'} -gt 0 ]; then
      # do we want to enable ipfw on this jail?
      if [ ${ezjail_ipfw_enable:='NO'} = "YES" ]; then

        ### The first section uses 'skipto' to jump to the ruleset _for this jail_
        increment_skipto_rulenum
        increment_base_rulenum
        if [ ${ipfw_supports_jail:='NO'} = "YES" ]; then
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum skipto $skipto_rulenum ip from any to any in jail ${ezjail_id} // inbound $ezjail_hostname
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum skipto $skipto_rulenum ip from any to any out jail ${ezjail_id} // outbound $ezjail_hostname
        else
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum skipto $skipto_rulenum ip from any to $ezjail_ip // inbound $ezjail_hostname
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum skipto $skipto_rulenum ip from $ezjail_ip to any out // outbound $ezjail_hostname
        fi

        ### Setup throttle if any
        allow_word='allow'
        if [ -n $ezjail_ipfw_bps ]; then
          # Add throttle and 
          if sysctl net.inet.ip.dummynet.expire 2> /dev/null > /dev/null; then
            pipenum=`expr $pipenum + 1`
            $ipfw pipe $pipenum config bw ${ezjail_ipfw_bps}bit/s
            allow_word="pipe $pipenum"
          else
            echo "A Bits Per Second throttle was given, but dummynet is not enabled.  [man dummynet]"
          fi
        fi

        ### Setup UDP and TCP rules
        $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word tcp from any to any established
        small_increment_skipto_rulenum
       
        if [ !  ${ezjail_ipfw_inbound_tcpports:-'NONE'} = "NONE" ]; then
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word tcp from any to any ${ezjail_ipfw_inbound_tcpports} in setup
          small_increment_skipto_rulenum
        fi

        if [ !  ${ezjail_ipfw_outbound_tcpports:-'NONE'} = "NONE" ]; then
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word tcp from any to any ${ezjail_ipfw_outbound_tcpports} out setup
          small_increment_skipto_rulenum
        fi

        if [ !  ${ezjail_ipfw_inbound_udpports:-'NONE'} = "NONE" ]; then
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word udp from any to any ${ezjail_ipfw_inbound_udpports} in
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word udp from any ${ezjail_ipfw_inbound_udpports} to any out
          small_increment_skipto_rulenum
        fi

        if [ !  ${ezjail_ipfw_outbound_udpports:-'NONE'} = "NONE" ]; then
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word udp from any to any ${ezjail_ipfw_outbound_udpports} out
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word udp from any ${ezjail_ipfw_outbound_udpports} to any in
          small_increment_skipto_rulenum
        fi
        if [ !  ${ezjail_ipfw_unrestricted_ips:-'NONE'} = "NONE" ]; then
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word ip from ${ezjail_ipfw_unrestricted_ips} to any in
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word ip from any to ${ezjail_ipfw_unrestricted_ips} out
          small_increment_skipto_rulenum
        fi

        ### Setup ICMP ruleset
        if  [ ${ezjail_ipfw_canping:='YES'} = "YES" ]; then
          $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum $allow_word icmp from any to any icmptype 0,3,4,8,11,12
          small_increment_skipto_rulenum
        fi 
        $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum deny icmp from any to any
        small_increment_skipto_rulenum

        ### Fallthrough rule is DENY
        $ipfw add $skipto_rulenum deny ip from any to any

      else
        # No rules (other than ALLOW), but these rules allow bandwidth accounting
        increment_base_rulenum
        if [ ${ipfw_supports_jail:='NO'} = "YES" ]; then
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum allow ip from any to any in jail ${ezjail_id} // inbound $ezjail_hostname
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum allow ip from any to any out jail ${ezjail_id} // outbound $ezjail_hostname
        else
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum allow ip from any to $ezjail_ip in // inbound $ezjail_hostname
          $ipfw add $base_rulenum allow ip from  $ezjail_ip to any out  // outbound $ezjail_hostname
        fi
      fi
    fi
  done
  ### All done with IPFW... let's set a final skip-to for any IPs not caught... they will go to 'default' rule
  ### for ipfw
  increment_base_rulenum
  small_increment_skipto_rulenum
  $ipfw add $base_rulenum skipto $skipto_rulenum ip from any to any
  ;;
#########################  DONE WITH IPFW PATCH ##########################

*)
  exerr ${ezjail_usage_ezjailadmin}
  ;;
esac